Ferrous : Non-Ferrous : Polymers : Ceramics : Bolts : Springs : Thermodynamics : Bending : Stress

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

 


kg/ m3

GPa

GPa


Mpa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

%

10-6/C

CARBON STEELS

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

CS1020, hot rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

200

400

120

 

450

 

 300

232 

25

12

Mid Steel, hot rolled

AS1204

7870

200

80

0.29

200

410

125

 

455

 

 307

 237

25

12

Steel 250, hot rolled structural

AS1204

7870

200

80

0.29

250

410


 


 207

307

 237

15

12

CS1020, cold rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

300

420


 


 

 315

 243

15

12

CS1030, hot rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

250

500

145

 

520

 225

 375

 290


12

CS1040, hot rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

270

540

160

 

550

 243

 405

 313


12

CS1022, hot rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

330

550


 


 

 412

 319

27

12

CS1045, hot rolled

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29

300

570


 


 270

 427

 330

14

12

CS1045, forging, normalised

AS1442

7870

200

80

0.29


620

185

 

630

 

 465

 360


12

CS1055, forging, normalised

AISI

7850

200

80

0.29


700

200

 

675

 

 525

 406

 

12

ALLOY STEELS

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

AISI 4130 Chrome-Moly, normalised

AISI

7850

200

80

0.29

415

615


 

 

 

360

 310

28

12

Steel ANSI 4340, Oil/temp230

ANSI

7850

200

80

0.30

1550

1855


 


 

 835

 700

12

12

Spring Steel SAE5150  

(Also see Spring Materials below)

SAE

7850

200

80

0.30

1290

1430


 


 

 715

 645

11

12

CAST STEELS

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

Cast Steel, Grade C3

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29

 

430

128

 

470

 

 

 

 

14

Cast Steel, Grade C4-1

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29


460

128

 

492

 

 

 


14

Cast Steel, Grade C4-2

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29


490

128

 

518

 

 

 


14

Cast Steel, Grade C5

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29


540

128

 

550

 

 

 


14

Cast Steel, Grade C6

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29


620

128

 

630

 

 

 


14

Cast Steel, Grade L6B-1

AS2074

7870

200

80

0.29


860

128

 

765

 

 

 


14

GREY CAST IRON

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

Grey Cast Iron Grade 150

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


150

41

 

360

 

 195

 


9

Grey Cast Iron Grade 180

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


180

53

 

400

 

 234

 


9

Grey Cast Iron Meehanite

Matweb

7060

89.6

38.3

0.27

79.3

207


827 


93 

207 

 


12.4

Grey Cast Iron Grade 220

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


220

70

 

455

 

286 

 


9

Grey Cast Iron 250/35

Matweb

7150

115

45

0.29

130

252


855 


110

334 

 

0.5

9

Grey Cast Iron Grade 260

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


260

87

 

510

 

 338

 


9

Grey Cast Iron Grade 300

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


300

100

 

560

 

 390

 


9

Grey Cast Iron Grade 350

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


350

115

 

630

 

 455

 


9

Grey Cast Iron Grade 400

AS1830

7150

115

45

0.29


400

130

 

700

 

 520

 


9

DUCTILE IRON

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

Nodular Iron 400-17

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275

 

400

132

 

468

 

400 

 

17

12

Nodular Iron 400-12

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275


400

136

 

478

 

 400

 

12

12

Nodular Iron 500-7

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275


500

146

 

506

 

 500

 

7

12

Nodular Iron 600-3

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275


600

160

 

554

 

 600

 

3

12

Nodular Iron 700-2

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275


700

185

 

630

 

 700

 

2

12

Nodular Iron 800-2

AS1831

7000

172

 

0.275


800

197

 

666

 

800 

 

2

12

Malleable Iron P450-6

AS1832



 



450

55

 

480

 

 450

 



Malleable Iron P500-4

AS1832



 



500

78

 

515

 

 500

 



Malleable Iron P550-4

AS1832



 



550

90

 

540

 

 550

 



Malleable Iron P700-2

AS1832



 



700

145

 

650

 

 700

 



Cast Iron Ductile C3.7Si2.5

Matweb

7000

172

 

0.275

345

496

130

 

 

290 

 496

 

18

12

STAINLESS STEELS

Std r E G n sty stu sta scu sca sn tu ty e a

Stainless Steel 304, annealed

Matweb

8000

195

75 

0.28

210

505


 


 

375

122 

35

17.3

Stainless Steel 304, 1/2 hard

Matweb

8000

195

75 

0.28

750

1030


 


 

770

 435

15

17.3

Stainless Steel 316, rolled

Matweb

8000

195

75

0.28

415

620




 

 465

 240

25

16

Stainless Steel 440C, annealed

Azom

7650

195

77 

0.28

448

758




 

565

 260

14

10

Stainless Steel 440C, HT/Temp204C

Azom

7650

195

77 

0.28

1900

2030




 

1520

 1100

4

10

Ref: Mechanical Design Hosking and Harris: 2nd Ed: p1.26 | Matweb | Values in Itallics derived from Table 3 below | Key to Steels | Azom | 

 

Key

 

Sym

Name

Units

Std Reference, Australian Standard, ANSI or other  
r Density kg/m3
E Modulus of Elasticity MPa
G Modulus of Rigidity/Shear Modulus MPa
n Poisson’s Ratio  
sty Tensile Yield Stress MPa
stu Ultimate Tensile Stress MPa
sta Allowable Tensile Stress; by design rules MPa
scu Ultimate Compressive Stress MPa
sca Allowable Compressive Stress; by design rules MPa
sn Fatigue Strength 100e6 cycles MPa
tu Ultimate Shear Stress MPa
ty Yield Shear Stress  MPa
e Breaking Strain: Ductility % of original length
a Coeff of Thermal Expansion micons/metre per oC


Approximate Relationship between Shear and Tensile Stresses. Ref

Material Shear from UTS Shear from YS
Hard drawn Spring Steels USS 0,45 x UTS SSY 0,45 x YS
Spring Steels USS 0,5 x UTS SSY 0,5 x YS
Wrought Steel & alloy steel USS 0,75 x UTS SSY 0,58 x YS
Ductile Iron USS 0,90 x UTS SSY 0,75 x YS
Malleable iron -Pearlitic USS 1,0 x UTS -
Wrought iron USS 0,83 x UTS -
Cast Iron USS 1,3 x UTS -
Copper & alloys USS 0,7 x UTS -
Aluminium & alloys USS 0,65 x UTS SSY 0,55 x YS